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Les bases de la programmation web : HTML, CSS et JavaScript

In the world of web programming, it is essential to master the three basic languages: HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. Whether you are a beginner or experienced, it is important to understand these languages to create dynamic and attractive websites. In this article, we will give you an overview of the basics of web programming by covering the essential principles of HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.

## HTML: Markup language for building the structure of a web page

HTML, acronym for HyperText Markup Language, is the basic markup language for creating web pages. It allows you to structure the content of a page using tags and elements to define formatting and functionality. Here are some basic HTML tags you should know:

– ``: root tag of any HTML document
– ``: tag containing metadata of the page
– ``: tag defining the title of the page<br /> – `<body>`: tag containing the visible content of the page<br /> – `</p> <h1>`, `</p> <h2>`, `</p> <h3>`, etc.: title tags ranging from 1 to 6<br /> – `< p>`: tag for text paragraphs</p> <p>With HTML, you can create the basic structure of your web page by defining the different elements and their organization. To learn more about HTML, visit the site [MDN Web Docs](https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/HTML).</p> <p>## CSS: Style language for formatting a web page</p> <p>CSS, acronym for Cascading Style Sheets, is the style language used for formatting and presenting a web page. It allows you to define colors, fonts, margins, and layouts of HTML elements. Here are some basic concepts in CSS:</p> <p>– Selectors: target HTML elements to apply styles<br /> – Properties: define the visual aspects of elements, such as color, size, etc.<br /> – Classes and IDs: define specific styles for certain HTML elements</p> <p>By combining HTML with CSS, you can create attractive and functional designs for your web pages. To learn more about CSS, visit the site [CSS Tricks](https://css-tricks.com/).</p> <p>## JavaScript: Programming language for adding interactivity to a web page</p> <p>JavaScript is a programming language that allows you to add interactive features to a web page. It is used to create animations, visual effects, dynamic forms, etc. Here are some basic concepts in JavaScript:</p> <p>– Variables: store data<br /> – Functions: group instructions for reuse<br /> – Events: trigger actions based on user interactions</p> <p>By combining HTML, CSS, and JavaScript, you can create dynamic and interactive websites that offer an optimal user experience. To learn more about JavaScript, visit the site [W3Schools](https://www.w3schools.com/js/).</p> <p>## FAQ</p> <p>### What is the difference between HTML, CSS, and JavaScript?</p> <p>– HTML is the markup language used to structure the content of a web page.<br /> – CSS is the style language used for formatting and presenting a web page.<br /> – JavaScript is the programming language used to add interactive features to a web page.</p> <p>### What are the recommended tools for web programming?</p> <p>There are many effective tools for web programming, such as Visual Studio Code, Sublime Text, and Atom. These code editors offer advanced features to facilitate web development.</p> <p>### How can I test my websites on different platforms?</p> <p>You can use browser simulation tools such as BrowserStack or CrossBrowserTesting to test your websites on different platforms, including Windows, Linux, and Apple.</p> <p>In summary, mastering the basic languages of web programming such as HTML, CSS, and JavaScript is essential for creating attractive and functional websites. By following the tutorials and tips provided in this article, you can develop your web development skills and create impressive web projects. To continue learning and evolving in the field of web programming, visit the recommended sites to deepen your knowledge.</h3> </h2> </h1> <p></body>

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